The central structure of the body of humans is the skeletal system. Conditions and diseases of this system have great impact on our health. This system consists of bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
Orthopedists treat all conditions from sprains and strains to joint surgery or arthritis. Orthopedists can be divided into non-surgical and surgical orthopedists. Surgical orthopedists are classified into different sub-specialties.
NON-SURGICAL MEDICAL ORTHOPEDISTS:
Medical orthopedists treat several conditions with the help of non-surgical therapies. These include sports injuries like fractures and sprains, joint conditions like tendinitis and bursitis and age related conditions like osteoporosis and arthritis. Treatment may feature medication, physical therapy, and modification of lifestyle or diet.
They make use of several surgical techniques from minimally invasive procedures to traditional open surgery to alleviate problems in joints, connective tissue, and bones.
Most orthopedic surgeries are complicated as is finding the best orthopedic surgeons in India. Here are a few sub-specialties of orthopedic surgeons:
- PEDIATRIC ORTHOPEDISTS:
They treat all areas of the body from skull base and skull to feet or hands in adolescents and children. These include cerebral palsy, congenital deformities, broken bones, sports injuries, and ankle and foot conditions that limit mobility. The bodies of children are more delicate and smaller, needing high type of surgical skills.
- HAND AND FOOT:
Foot, ankle, wrist, and hand are highly complicated structures. They consist of several large bones, fine muscles, tendons, and small muscles, which may require treatment. Such surgeons treat deformities, vascular conditions, fractures, and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (repetitive injuries). Foot surgeons are experts in treating ankle and foot conditions such as repair of ligaments and tendons, correcting deformities, fractures, and rheumatoid arthritis. These specialists improve the quality of life of patients by restoring mobility and dexterity of patients.
- SPORTS MEDICINE:
Sporting activity is prone to hazards. Broken bones and joint injuries are common. Orthopedic surgeons conduct repairs to shoulders of athletes, knees and hip, elbows etc, thus enhancing well being of amateur as well as professional sportsperson.
- JOINT PRESERVATION:
It is similar to sports medicine, but is a unique specialty. It features arthroscopic reconstruction of knee and hip and treatment of degenerative disorders like arthritis. This may include replacement of knee or hip.
- TRAUMA SURGERY:
Acts of violence, natural disasters, and accidents can cause several grave injuries in the musculus-skeletal system. Such orthopaedic surgeons have to deal with medical emergencies, in order to repair torn ligaments and broken bones, so as to prevent long term damage. They also perform long term care for patients when they rehabilitate from surgeries or injury.
- SPINAL SURGERY:
The spinal system is crucial as the center of the skeletal system of the body. It is also a conduit for protecting nerves. Deformities and injuries of the spine can result in impaired mobility and chronic pain. Spinal surgeons do treatment of spinal deformities, injuries, spinal tumors, and degenerative disorders.
These are the common types of orthopedic doctors and surgeons. If you want the best, do research on the best orthopaedic surgeon in India. This will ensure that you are in good hands.